A patent is a grant of exclusive rights for an invention to make, use and sell the invention for 20 years. Patents are granted for new, non-obvious and industrial applicable product or process inventions.

Patentability criteria in Pakistan include absolute novelty, inventive step and industrial applicability.

Patent law in Pakistan is governed under two following legislations:

  • Patents Ordinance 2000 and,
  • Patents Rules 2003


  • Full name, nationality, and complete business address of the applicant(s) and inventor(s) (their names, nationality and addresses).
  • Copy of specifications and claims in the English language along with drawings.
  • Application form signed by the applicant(s) and endorsement on the reverse by the inventor(s) in presence of two witnesses; if the inventor(s) himself/themselves is/are not the applicant(s) in Pakistan. In substitute, an Assignment document can also be provided if the inventor’s signature on the said form is not possible.
  • Power of Authority signed by the applicant(s).
  • In the case of the priority application, a certified copy of the priority document. If the document is in a language other than English, a notarized English translation of the same is also required to be filed at the Pakistan Patent Office.

We provide the following Patents Services:

  • Patent searches
  • Application filing
  • Legal actions
  • Hearings
  • Application acceptance and sealing
  • Filing oppositions
  • Annuities
  • Post Grant related matter
  • An appeal in superior courts
  • Patent validity check


Q1: Can a patent search be conducted?


Q2: Can a patent application be filed without its complete documents?

Yes, without forms, Power of Attorney and certified copies of priority documents.

Q3: Can convention priority be claimed? Convention Countries?


Q4: Can a registration be obtained for pharmaceutical products?


Q5: What is the term of protection of a patent and from which date is it calculated?

Twenty years starting from the priority/first filing date.

Q6: Is a secret form of filing a model/design permitted?


Q7: Is there a novelty requirement? Is it local or worldwide?

Yes, worldwide.

Q8: Is the patent protection available for software alone, or must the software be coupled with computer hardware to permit patent application?

Yes, alone.

Q9: Can the specifications or claim be amended?


Q10: Could annuity payments be made before the granting of the patent?


Q11: In what language should specifications and claims of the patent be filed?

English only.

Q12: Is working of the invention required to keep protection in force?


Q13: What are the conditions that might lead to a compulsory license?

The compulsory license is possible if a patent is neither effectively used in Pakistan nor offered for the license.

Q14: Must assignments be recorded within a certain period?


Q15: Does the Patent Law provide for licenses or registered users?


Q16: Does the Patent Office publish the patent applications?


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